“Success is that old ABC – ability, breaks and courage.” — Charles Luckman
Ability is showing that you know how to put your knowledge into play or practice to achieve a desired result.
If you want to create a change, you need to support ability.
Knowing isn’t good enough. Change requires doing. Doing requires ability. And each person involved in the change, needs the ability to implement the new skills and behaviors.
In the book ADKAR: A Model for Change in Business, Government and our Community, Jeffrey Hiatt shares 5 success factors of ability to improve your effectiveness at managing change.
ADKAR is a Simple Model for Change
ADKAR is a simple model for change. The Prosci ADKAR change framework consists of 5 elements:
- Awareness – Awareness of what the change is and why it’s important now.
- Desire – Desire to participate and support the change.
- Knowledge – Knowledge of how to change and how to perform effectively in the future.
- Ability – Ability to demonstrate the required change in terms of effective performance.
- Reinforcement – Reinforcement is how you reinforce, support, and strengthen the change.
For more on the ADKAR model, see ADKAR is a Simple Model for Change.
What is Ability?
According to Hiatt, ability is the act of doing:
“Ability is the demonstrated achievement of the change. Ability is the act of doing, such that the desired objectives of the change are realized.”
Or, more precisely, ability is demonstrated when the change is visible in action or measurable in terms of effect.
In other words, ability is “achieved when a person or organization can implement the change and achieve the desired performance level associated with that change.”
Knowledge is Insufficient
Knowledge is not ability. It’s easy to confuse knowledge with ability. You can think of knowledge as the body of information, while ability is competence.
“The presence of knowledge is often insufficient by itself. Someone who recently completed lessons with a golf pro does not walk onto the course and par every hole. Likewise, employees who have knowledge about changes in processes, systems and job roles do not demonstrate immediate proficiency in these areas. Some employees, depending on the change, may never develop the required abilities.”
5 Success Factors that Influence Ability to Change
Here are the five success factors that influence your ability to change, according to Hiatt:
- Factor 1 – Psychological blocks
- Factor 2 – Physical abilities
- Factor 3 – Intellectual capability
- Factor 4 – The time available to develop the needed skills
- Factor 5 – The availability of resources to support the development of new abilities
Psychological blocks, physical abilities, intellectual capability, time and resources all contribute to our potential to develop new abilities.
Factor 1 – Psychological blocks
Limiting beliefs, fears, and psychological blocks can hold people back, and limit their ability to change.
“In the workplace, psychological barriers exist as well. … Public speaking, for example, is a fear shared by many. This manifests itself for some employees when participating in large meetings or giving presentations. Some employees do not perform well in these circumstances and later they reflect their frustration at how this nervousness prevents them from demonstrating their real potential.”
Factor 2 – Physical abilities
Physical ability can limit ability to change.
“For some people, physical limitations may prevent them from implementing change. Take the simple task of keyboarding. Individuals with limited dexterity or arthritis cannot type without tremendous effort. Even when successful, the rate of text entry is very slow. Depending on the performance level required by the change, the new level of performance may simply be outside of the physical abilities of an individual.
In the workplace, physical limitations could include strength, physical agility, manual dexterity, physical size and hand-eye coordination.”
Factor 3 – Intellectual capability
Intellectual ability can limit ability to change.
“Intellectual capability can also play a role in developing new abilities. All individuals possess unique skills that fall on spectrums of intellectual ability. For example, some people have a natural talent when it comes to finance and math, whereas others excel at innovation and creativity. Some people are naturally good writers, whereas others struggle to put their thoughts and ideas into words.”
Factor 4 – The time available to develop the needed skills
Sometimes the change fails because there is not enough time. For example, an individual has the potential to develop the ability, but not within the given timeframe, and so the change fails.
“Time can be a factor for many types of change. If a person cannot develop the required skills in the needed time frame, then the change could fail, even if the person might have the potential to develop these abilities given more time. In a business situation, the time frame for implementing change is often driven by external factors outside of the control of managers and supervisors.”
Factor 5 – The availability of resources
Sometimes the right resources aren’t available at the right time, and the change fails.
“The availability of resources to support a person during this developmental period will also play a role. Resources could include:
- Financial support
- Proper tools and materials
- Personal coaching
- Access to mentors and subject matter experts
The process of developing new skills and abilities is enhanced by the presence of a support structure for an individual. This support structure promotes the cultivation of new skills, but it also can address any knowledge gaps that may be revealed once the change is underway.”
Change is more successful when change leaders and change agents help individuals perform the new skills and behaviors they need to make the change.
And change is limited when individuals lack the ability to make the change.
How To Foster Ability According to Prosci
Here is how to foster Ability according to Ability-The Prosci ADKAR Model:
Helping individuals successfully build ability involves:
- Coaching or role-modeling behavior
- Access to right tools
Potential Challenges and Resisting Factors
- Inadequate time available to develop skills
- Lack of support
- Existing habits contrary to the desired behavior
- Psychological blocks
- Limitations in physical abilities
- Individual capabilities (personal limitations)
Tactics for Fostering Ability
- Direct involvement of coaches
- Access to subject matter experts
- Performance monitoring
- Hands-on practice during training
- Availability of expert resources to help employees
Get the Book
You can get the ADKAR a Model for Change on Amazon:
ADKAR: A Model for Change in Business, Government and our Community by Jeffrey Hiatt
Call to Action
- Read the book ADKAR: A Model for Change so you know how to change yourself and others more effectively.
- Practice developing ability to change with yourself.
- Practice helping others develop their ability with a change initiative.