“Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself.” — Leo Tolstoy
Knowledge is a key building block of change management.
If you want to drive a change, you need to help build the knowledge that individuals need to make the change.
Individuals need two types of knowledge: 1) how to change during the transition, and 2) how to perform effectively in the future state.
In the book ADKAR: A Model for Change in Business, Government and our Community, Jeffrey Hiatt shows us how to create a desire for change using 4 factors that influence a desire to change.
ADKAR is a Simple Model for Change
ADKAR is a simple model for change. The Prosci ADKAR change framework consists of 5 elements:
- Awareness – Awareness of what the change is and why it’s important now.
- Desire – Desire to participate and support the change.
- Knowledge – Knowledge of how to change and how to perform effectively in the future.
- Ability – Ability to demonstrate the required change in terms of effective performance.
- Reinforcement – Reinforcement is how you reinforce, support, and strengthen the change.
For more on the ADKAR model, see ADKAR is a Simple Model for Change.
What Builds Knowledge on How To Change?
Hiatt provides some examples of the kinds of knowledge needed to implement a change:
- Training and education on the skills and behaviors needed to change
- Detailed information on how to use new processes, systems and tools
- Understanding of the new roles and responsibilities associated with the change
To deliver the knowledge on how to make the change, you could include anything from formal training programs to job aides to one-on-one coaching to user groups and forums.
4 Factors that Impact Knowledge on How to Change
According to Hiatt, the following four factors influence the knowledge on how to change:
- Factor 1 – The current knowledge base of an individual
- Factor 2 – The capacity or capability of this person to gain additional knowledge
- Factor 3 – The resources available for education and training
- Factor 4 – The access to, or existence of, the required knowledge
Factor 1 – The current knowledge base of an individual
The change is a lot easier if somebody already has the knowledge. The gap between what they know and what they need to know is the challenge that you need to address.
“The gap between a person’s current knowledge level and the knowledge requirement associated with the change will directly impact the probability of success for those individuals. The current knowledge base of an individual could be in the form of education or work experience.”
Factor 2 – Capability of the person to learn
How easily a person learns will impact the success of the change.
“In addition to the knowledge gap that may exist, each of us has a different capacity to learn. Some people pick up new information easily, whereas others struggle to learn new processes or tools. For example, some people learn new concepts quickly, but have difficulty learning technical skills.”
Factor 3 – Resources available to provide education and training
Availability of resources will impact the knowledge, which will impact the success of the change.
“Some companies have extensive resources and funding to deliver training. Other firms struggle to provide any type of structured education to support a change. Resources could include the availability of subject matter experts, instructors, classroom facilities, books and materials, equipment and systems for student
use, and funding to support the training program overall.”
Factor 4 – The access to, or existence of, the required knowledge
Access to the knowledge that individuals need impact the success of the change. If the knowledge exists, but people can’t get to it, it’s not going to help.
“For some desired changes, the knowledge may not be accessible or may not exist. Depending on an organization’s geographic location, the ready access to knowledge may be a barrier to learning. Some parts of the world have very little access to educational institutions and subject matter experts.”
While ultimately, change is up to the individual, you can make change a whole lot easier by creating awareness, influencing desire, and building knowledge to support the change.
Knowledge is a fundamental part of your overall change management approach.
How To Build Knowledge According to Prosci
Here is how to build knowledge for change according to Knowledge-The Prosci ADKAR Model:
To build knowledge, individuals must have:
- Training and education
- Access to information
Challenges and Resisting Factors:
- Gap between current knowledge levels and desired knowledge levels
- Insufficient time (conflicting demands)
- Inadequate resources available for training
- Lack of access to the necessary information
- Capacity to learn
Tactics for Building Knowledge:
- Formal training programs
- Job aides
- One-on-one coaching
- User groups and forums
- Troubleshooting guidance
Get the Book
You can get the ADKAR a Model for Change on Amazon:
ADKAR: A Model for Change in Business, Government and our Community by Jeffrey Hiatt
Call to Action
- Read the book ADKAR: A Model for Change so you know how to change yourself and others more effectively.
- Practice building knowledge of how to change for a key change you would like to make for yourself.
- Practice building knowledge to support a change initiative with others.
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